Russian Prepositions

Definition:A preposition is a word that helps to structure many other words in Russian language. It defines many relationships between objects within sentences. Russian Prepositions usually establish movement, position and time. Most Russian preposition have an English translation, on the other hand other prepositions don’t have an exactly translation into other languages like English, Spanish, French or German.

The most common prepositions in Russian language are: На (to, at, on, in), за (behind, beyond, over, at, after, for) and В (into, to, in, at), although one can find many others.

The most common simple and complex Russian prepositions are listed below:

List of Simple Prepositions

RUSSIAN PREPOSITIONS ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS EXAMPLES
в (v) into, to, in, at She bought her coin collection to the museum.
Она купила ее коллекции монет в музей.
Ona kupila yee kollektsii monet v muzyeĭ.
за (za) behind, beyond The chair is behind the sofa.
Стул за диваном
Stul za divanom
из / от (iz / ot) from My friend is from brazil.
Мой друг из Бразилии.
Moĭ drug iz Brazilii.
к (к) towards I go towards the cinema.
Я иду к кинотеатру.
YA idu k kinotyeatru.
на (na) onto, to Bathroom is to the left.
Ванная комната налево.
Vannaya komnata nalevo.
о / об (o / ob) about I travel about the world.
Я путешествую об окружающем мире.
YA puteshestvuyu ob okruzhayushchem mire.
по/ вдоль (po /vdolʹ) along, according to I walk along the street.
Я иду по улице.
YA idu po ulitse.
с (s) with, from, since I play soccer with my brother.
Я играю в футбол с моим братом.
YA igrayu v futbol s moim bratom.
без (bez) without I went to my house without my friend.
Я пошел в свой дом без моего друга.
YA poshel v svoĭ dom bez moego druga.
для (dlya) for I study for my exam.
Я учусь для моего экзамена.
YA uchusʹ dlya moego ekzamena.
до / прежде(do / prezhde) until, before I am before that you.
Я до того, что вы.
YA do togo , chto vy.
между (mezhdu) between The door is between the windows
Дверь между окнами
Dverʹ mezhdu oknami.
над (nad) over The lamp is over the table.
Лампа над столом.
Lampa nad stolom.
перед (pered) in front of, before My house is in front of the pharmacy.
Мой дом находится в передней части Аптеки.
Moĭ dom nahodit·sya v perednyeĭ chastiapteke.
под (pod) under My shoes are under the bed.
Моя обувь под кроватью.
Moya obuvʹ pod krovatʹyu.
после / спустя (posle / spustya) after B is after to A.
Б после в.
B posle v.
при (pri) at the time of, when You play when we're winning.
Вы играете при мы побеждаем.
Vy igraete pri my pobezhdaem.
через / сквозь (cherez / skvozʹ) across, through Journey through the jungle.
путешествие по джунглям.
puteshestvie po dzhunglyam.
вместо (vmesto) instead of I play instead of Jose.
Я играю вместо Хосе.
YA igrayu vmesto Hose.
вокруг (vokrug) around I walk around the park
Я иду вокруг парка
YA idu vokrug parka.
из-за (iz - za) from behind, because of Put these packages from behind.
Положите эти пакеты из-за.
Polozhite eti pakety iz-za.
из-под (iz - pod) from under The sales are from under of normal.
Продажи из-под нормального.
Prodazhi iz - pod normalʹnogo.
кроме (krome) except I have all the cards except one.
У меня есть все карты, кроме одной.
U menya yestʹ vse karty , krome odnoĭ.
несмотря на (nesmotrya na) in spite of I approve your proposal in spite of economic problems.
Я одобряю ваше предложение, несмотря на экономические проблемы.
YA odobryayu vashe predlozhenie , nesmotrya na ekonomicheskie problemy.
около (okolo) near, approximately I have approximately twenty years old.
У меня есть около двадцати лет.
U menya yestʹ okolo dvadtsati let.
против (protiv) against I am against to your proposal.
Я против того, чтобы ваше предложение.
YA protiv togo , chtoby vashe predlozhenie.
ради (radi) for the sake of I work for the sake of my Parents.
Я работаю ради моих родителей.
YA rabotayu radi moih roditelyeĭ.
между (mezhdu) between I am between the sword and wall.
Я между мечом и стены.
YA mezhdu mechom i steny.

See more:
Russian preposition На (to, at, on, in)
Russian preposition за (behind, beyond, over, at, after, for)
Russian preposition В (into, to, in, at)



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